Columbia University Digital Knowledge Ventures
Columbia American History Online

Main Menu
E-Seminars
searchhelp

There are 50 items indexed to this topic.

You can select a more specific topic to find fewer materials.

APUSH-12-G

Reform crusades


1.  Feminism; roles of women in the nineteenth century

2.  Abolitionism

3.  Temperance

4.  Criminals and the insane


Resources:

Colonial City: Revolutionary Battleground
Resource Type: E-Seminar

Relevant transcripts:
Slavery: A Business Necessity

Urban Crisis: Disease, Crime, and Space
Resource Type: E-Seminar

Relevant pages:
Crime and Public Order

Relevant transcripts:
Anticipating Trouble

The Old South
Resource Type: E-Seminar

Relevant pages:
Plantation Values: The Defense of Slavery
Slave Life and Culture: Varieties of Slave Labor
Conclusion
Who's Who

Relevant texts:
Lyrics to a famous spiritual: Go Down, Moses.

Relevant transcripts:
The Turner rebellion led Virginia and other slave states to tighten the chains of slavery.

The Struggle for Freedom
Resource Type: E-Seminar

Relevant pages:
Conclusion

Relevant texts:
Letter from Benjamin Banneker to Thomas Jefferson, 1791.

Relevant transcripts:
Professor Foner discusses the Founding Fathers' views on slavery

Abolitionism and Antislavery
Resource Type: E-Seminar

Relevant pages:
Introduction
The Rise of Abolition: An Age of Reform
The Rise of Abolition: Early Abolitionist Leaders
The Rise of Abolition: The Appeal To Public Opinion
The Rise of Abolition: Women and African Americans
The Abolitionist Position: Core Concepts
The Abolitionist Position: Black Abolitionists' Ideas
Who's Who

Relevant texts:
Excerpt from Lydia Maria Child, An Appeal in Favor of That Class of Americans Called Africans
Excerpt from Walker's Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World.
W. L. Garrison, "To the Public," from the Liberator.
Excerpt from Lydia Maria Child, An Appeal in Favor of That Class of Americans Called Africans
Excerpt from Frederick Douglass, "The Meaning of July Fourth for the Negro"

Relevant transcripts:
The Second Great Awakening inspired efforts to perfect both American society and individuals.
The abolitionists were determined to break the conspiracy of silence about slavery.
Abolitionists appropriated to their cause the symbols of the American Revolution.
Black abolitionists compared America unfavorably to Britain, which in 1833 had abolished slavery in its empire.
Professor Foner describes negative reactions to the abolitionist movement.

Relevant interactive tools:


Conclusion
Resource Type: Primary Source
An Overseer Doing His Duty by Benjamin Henry Latrobe. In this antislavery watercolor, two female slaves labor under the surveillance of a relaxed overseer (1865).

City Problems: Poverty and Slums
Resource Type: Document-Based Question
Exploring the cholera epidemic in mid-nineteenth century New York City, this selection of primary sources provides a case-study of immigration, urbanization (e.g., slums such as the Five Points), and social and moral reform that can be applied to the study of any city in the industrialized world.

The Five Points Slum
Resource Type: Primary Source
Five Points, the great slum of antebellum New York, was located at the convergence of Worth, Baxter, and Park Streets in present-day lower Manhattan. Its residents suffered terribly during the cholera epidemic of 1832.

Report of the Magdalen Society
Resource Type: Primary Source
Led by John Robert McDowell, a Princeton divinity student, the Magdalen Society was founded in 1831 to help reform prostitutes living in the Five Points slum.

Petition to Have the Five Points Opened
Resource Type: Primary Source
Merchants owning property along the periphery of Five Points petitioned the municipal government in 1829 to demolish the heart of the slum by widening and extending Anthony and Cross Streets.

Cholera Outbreak
Resource Type: Primary Source
This article, written during the cholera epidemic of 1832, conveyed the opinion that only certain social types contracted the deadly disease.

The Cholera Epidemic
Resource Type: Primary Source
Many of New York's Protestant leaders interpreted the 1832 cholera epidemic as proof of God's displeasure with contemporary morality.

Cholera Epidemic Editorial
Resource Type: Primary Source
As far away as New Hampshire, editorials denounced the New York cholera epidemic of 1832 as divine retribution for decadence and sin.

Annual Report of the Interments
Resource Type: Primary Source
Dr. John Hoskins Griscom (1809–74), a Quaker physician, founded the New York Academy of Medicine and pioneered the field of public health. His advocacy for sanitation, medical care, and adequate housing led to the great reforms of the Progressive Era after the Civil War.

Charles Dickens on the Five Points
Resource Type: Primary Source
The famed British writer Charles Dickens published his account of his 1842 visit to America, where he found evidence of England's superior class system in the squalor of New York's Five Points slum.

Sunshine and Shadow in New York
Resource Type: Primary Source
Sunshine and Shadow in New York, a mid-nineteenth-century publication, depicts New York City as two polar societies, one affluent and vibrant, and one poor and diseased.

The Secession Crisis
Resource Type: Document-Based Question
This selection of primary sources allows students to interpret the Civil War as an ideological battle, pitting abolitionists against slavery's apologists, and Northerners against Southerners. Students will understand why most of the Southern states chose secession over union.

Moot Court: Central Park on Trial
Resource Type: Classroom Simulation
This simulation, a moot court, engages students in social and moral reform. By exploring how nineteeth-century social and political elites dispossessed various groups such as African Americans in order to build Central Park, students will understand how the present-day problems of gentrification and urban renewal have their roots in nineteeth-century reform.

Who's Who
Resource Type: Primary Source
Lydia Maria Child (1802–80).

The Rise of Abolition: The Appeal To Public Opinion
Resource Type: Primary Source
Harriet Beecher Stowe (1811–96).

The Five Points Slum
Resource Type: Primary Source
Five Points, the great slum of antebellum New York, was located at the convergence of Worth, Baxter, and Park Streets in present-day lower Manhattan. Its residents suffered terribly during the cholera epidemic of 1832.

Report of the Magdalen Society
Resource Type: Primary Source
Led by John Robert McDowell, a Princeton divinity student, the Magdalen Society was founded in 1831 to help reform prostitutes living in the Five Points slum.

Marriage Rates of Alumnae
Resource Type: Primary Source
This table shows the marriage rates of women who graduated from a variety of American colleges during the period of 1820–1930.

Slavery and Emancipation—E-Seminar 4, Abolitionism and Antislavery
Resource Type: E-Seminar
In Abolitionism and Antislavery, the fourth e-seminar of the series Slavery and Emancipation, Eric Foner describes how in the nineteenth century the issue of slavery came to occupy a central place in American political life and a central role in the disruption of the Union. He describes the development of a militant abolitionist movement, the expansion of slavery, secession, and other events that led inexorably to the Civil War.

Who's Who
Resource Type: Primary Source
Lydia Maria Child (1802–80).

Who's Who
Resource Type: Primary Source
Frederick Douglass (1817?/1818?–1895).

Who's Who
Resource Type: Primary Source
William Lloyd Garrison (1805–79), at the age of 30.

Who's Who
Resource Type: Primary Source
Sarah Moore Grimké (1792–1873), at about the age of 50.

Who's Who
Resource Type: Primary Source
Angelina Emily Grimké (1805–79), at about the age of 39.

The Rise of Abolition: An Age of Reform
Resource Type: Primary Source
Abolitionist Wendell Phillips (1811–84) speaking on the Boston Common against the fugitive-slave law (1851).

The Rise of Abolition: An Age of Reform
Resource Type: Primary Source
A map of the west coast of Africa, including the colony of Liberia, in 1830.

The Rise of Abolition: Early Abolitionist Leaders
Resource Type: Primary Source
Theodore Weld at age 41 (1844).

The Abolitionist Position: Black Abolitionists' Ideas
Resource Type: Primary Source
Black abolitionist Samuel E. Cornish (c. 1795–1858).

Frederick Douglass (1817?/1818?–1895)
Resource Type: Primary Source
Born in Maryland to an enslaved African American woman with Native American ancestry, and fathered by an unknown white man, Douglass was sent back and forth several times from the plantation of his owner to Baltimore, where as a house slave he learned to read and write. As a young man Douglass conceived of several plans for escaping and, while working as a ship's caulker in Baltimore, finally made a successful bid for freedom, settling in New Bedford, Massachusetts. While attending an antislavery convention in Massachusetts in 1841, Douglass was asked to address the audience. This was the beginning of a long career as an antislavery orator and editor.

The Secession Crisis
Resource Type: Document-Based Question
This selection of primary sources allows students to interpret the Civil War as an ideological battle, pitting abolitionists against slavery's apologists, and Northerners against Southerners. Students will understand why most of the Southern states chose secession over union.

William Lloyd Garrison on Abolitionism
Resource Type: Primary Source
Before 1830 most abolitionists believed in the concept of colonization, but after that time, the abolitionist movement was transformed.

Slavery a Positive Good
Resource Type: Primary Source
John C. Calhoun was vice president of the United States (1825-32) and U.S. senator from South Carolina for most of the period from 1832 to 1850.

Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl
Resource Type: Primary Source
By 1858, the former slave Harriet Jacobs had finished her autobiography, which was later edited by the famous abolitionist, Lydia Maria Child.

Frederick Douglass and his Mother
Resource Type: Primary Source
Frederick Douglass's autobiography is considered one of the classic slave narratives and was written for the abolitionist cause.

Frederick Douglass Describes a Whipping
Resource Type: Primary Source
Radical abolitionists sought to document their claims about the horrors of slavery.

Republican Party Platform of 1856
Resource Type: Primary Source
While the Democrats endorsed popular sovereignty to decide the issue of slavery in the Territories, the Republicans took the stand put forth here.

The Master-Slave Relationship
Resource Type: Document-Based Question
The recent scholarship on slavery explores the complex relationship between master and slave and re-examines the historical agency of slaves. In reading the slave narratives provided in this DBQ, students can assess how slaves tried to retain their dignity in the worst of circumstances.

Frederick Douglass on Slavery
Resource Type: Primary Source
Frederick Douglass was an escaped slave who gained fame as an orator and a writer promoting the cause of abolition. He wrote the following testimonial to the demoralizing effects of slavery in his autobiography.

City Problems: Poverty and Slums
Resource Type: Document-Based Question
Exploring the cholera epidemic in mid-nineteenth century New York City, this selection of primary sources provides a case-study of immigration, urbanization (e.g., slums such as the Five Points), and social and moral reform that can be applied to the study of any city in the industrialized world.

The Five Points Slum
Resource Type: Primary Source
Five Points, the great slum of antebellum New York, was located at the convergence of Worth, Baxter, and Park Streets in present-day lower Manhattan. Its residents suffered terribly during the cholera epidemic of 1832.

Report of the Magdalen Society
Resource Type: Primary Source
Led by John Robert McDowell, a Princeton divinity student, the Magdalen Society was founded in 1831 to help reform prostitutes living in the Five Points slum.

Cholera Outbreak
Resource Type: Primary Source
This article, written during the cholera epidemic of 1832, conveyed the opinion that only certain social types contracted the deadly disease.

The Cholera Epidemic
Resource Type: Primary Source
Many of New York's Protestant leaders interpreted the 1832 cholera epidemic as proof of God's displeasure with contemporary morality.

Cholera Epidemic Editorial
Resource Type: Primary Source
As far away as New Hampshire, editorials denounced the New York cholera epidemic of 1832 as divine retribution for decadence and sin.

The Five Points Slum
Resource Type: Primary Source
Five Points, the great slum of antebellum New York, was located at the convergence of Worth, Baxter, and Park Streets in present-day lower Manhattan. Its residents suffered terribly during the cholera epidemic of 1832.

Report of the Magdalen Society
Resource Type: Primary Source
Led by John Robert McDowell, a Princeton divinity student, the Magdalen Society was founded in 1831 to help reform prostitutes living in the Five Points slum.

Petition to Have the Five Points Opened
Resource Type: Primary Source
Merchants owning property along the periphery of Five Points petitioned the municipal government in 1829 to demolish the heart of the slum by widening and extending Anthony and Cross Streets.

Charles Dickens on the Five Points
Resource Type: Primary Source
The famed British writer Charles Dickens published his account of his 1842 visit to America, where he found evidence of England's superior class system in the squalor of New York's Five Points slum.


Refine Browse

Historical thinking 

Discovering primary sources (34) 

Interpreting and analysing (15) 

Narrating history (21) 

Resource types 

Video Transcripts (9) 

Text Excerpts (7) 





CAHO is being provided to you for your own use. Any copying or distribution of CAHO materials is prohibited.