Columbia University Digital Knowledge Ventures
Columbia American History Online

Main Menu

There are 10 items indexed to this topic.


Professionalism and the social sciences


Urban Crisis: Fire and Water
Resource Type: E-Seminar

Relevant transcripts:
The Urban Response
Moving to Get Rid of Volunteer Fire Companies
Volunteers Oppose Professionalization

The Crisis of Victorianism
Resource Type: E-Seminar

Relevant transcripts:
Gilman's response differed from Addams's.

Annual Report of the Interments
Resource Type: Primary Source
Dr. John Hoskins Griscom (1809–74), a Quaker physician, founded the New York Academy of Medicine and pioneered the field of public health. His advocacy for sanitation, medical care, and adequate housing led to the great reforms of the Progressive Era after the Civil War.

The Environmental Movements
Resource Type: Document-Based Question
The larger issues of western expansion, industrialization, urbanization, and progressivism are explored in this DBQ on the environmental movements that arose at the end of the nineteenth century.

The Principles of Scientific Management
Resource Type: Primary Source
Frederick W. Taylor was a mechanical engineer who wrote extensively about scientific management, a method of managing groups of people based on scientific principles, as part of progressive notions of efficiency. His ideas influenced business management theory in America and around the world. The Principles of Scientific Management is a collection of his essays published in 1911.

Mrs. Marion Crocker on the Conservation Imperative
Resource Type: Primary Source
Mrs. Marion Crocker of the General Federation of Women's Clubs wholeheartedly endorsed the conservation movement, and the scientific basis on which it stood, in this 1912 speech to the Fourth Annual Conservation Congress.

Sumner on Social Darwinism
Resource Type: Primary Source
William Graham Sumner was an American social scientist influenced by Herbert Spencer and Charles Darwin. Sumner applied Darwin's evolutionary theory to human society.

The Frontier in American History
Resource Type: Primary Source
After the 1890 census, the historian Frederick Jackson Turner wrote an essay on the role of the American frontier in shaping the American character.

Refine Browse

Historical thinking 

Discovering primary sources (5) 

Narrating history (4) 

Resource types 

Video Transcripts (4) 

CAHO is being provided to you for your own use. Any copying or distribution of CAHO materials is prohibited.