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The new imperialism

1.  Blaine and Latin America

2.  International Darwinism: missionaries, politicians, and naval expansionists

3.  Spanish-American War

3a.  Cuban independence

3b.  Debate on Philippines


The Crisis of Victorianism
Resource Type: E-Seminar

Relevant pages:
Roosevelt and Public Life

Relevant texts:
Theodore Roosevelt "The Strenuous Life" (1899)

The Search for a Scientific Culture
Resource Type: E-Seminar

The White Man's Burden
Resource Type: Primary Source
This cartoon, referring to Rudyard Kipling's poem of the same name, was published as the Spanish-American War ended and the insurrection in the Philippines against the Americans began.

The Higher Criticism
Resource Type: Primary Source
Nineteenth-century Christians supported missionary efforts throughout the world. Missionaries were often forced to confront a diversity of value systems, which challenged their own assumptions about the universality of Protestant, Victorian morals.

Intellectual and Cultural History of the United States, 1890–1945—E-Seminar 1, The Crisis of Victorianism
Resource Type: E-Seminar
Between the end of the Civil War and 1900, educated Americans reacted against Victorian values. In the first in a series of e-seminars, Casey Blake describes the new attitudes about the future, the separation of the sexes, masculinity, and the role of women. He concludes by reflecting on the beginnings of modernism at the end of the nineteenth century.

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Historical thinking 

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