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There are 42 items indexed to this topic.


APUSH-22-E

family, work, education, unionization, and suffrage


Resources:

The Crisis of Victorianism
Resource Type: E-Seminar

Relevant pages:
The Doctrine of Separate Spheres
The Search for New Identities

Relevant transcripts:
Both men and women had problems with this separation.
Addams and Gilman foreshadowed modern feminism.
Addams came to see herself as a kind of pioneer for young intellectuals.
Gilman emphasized the public realm.
Gilman's response differed from Addams's.

Relevant interactive tools:
The lecture spoke to both men's and women's concerns.
The lecture spoke to both men's and women's concerns.

The Search for a Scientific Culture
Resource Type: E-Seminar

The Doctrine of Separate Spheres
Resource Type: Primary Source
Women's world: the parlor.

The Younger Generation's Response
Resource Type: Primary Source
Victorian style: drawing room of W. C. Whitney residence, 1899.

The Search for New Identities
Resource Type: Primary Source
Charlotte Perkins Gilman (1860-1935), c. 1905.

Jane Addams: Domesticating the Public World
Resource Type: Primary Source

Charlotte Perkins Gilman: Professionalizing Private Life
Resource Type: Primary Source
Charlotte Perkins Gilman at age 23.

Charlotte Perkins Gilman: Professionalizing Private Life
Resource Type: Primary Source
Publicity flyer, c. 1905, advertising some of Gilman's most popular lecture topics.

Charlotte Perkins Gilman: Professionalizing Private Life
Resource Type: Primary Source
Illustration from a Boston Sunday Herald article (January 1916) discussing Gilman's view of women's liberation as the measure of social progress.

Charlotte Perkins Gilman: Professionalizing Private Life
Resource Type: Primary Source

American Ambivalence
Resource Type: Primary Source
Jacket of the American edition of Harold Frederic's The Damnation of Theron Ware, or Illumination (New York: Stone and Kimball, 1896).

Women and the Progressive Era
Resource Type: Document-Based Question
The discussion of women at the end of the nineteenth century and beginning of the twentieth century is often separated into different chapters and topics. This DBQ asks students to combine what they have learned about American society and about the changing roles and perceptions of women to evaluate the women's movement during the Progressive Era.

The Yellow Wall Paper
Resource Type: Primary Source
Charlotte Perkins Gilman was a well-educated American woman who became depressed after her marriage in 1884. Diagnosed with neurasthenia and prescribed the "rest-cure,"she later wrote about her experience in The Yellow Wall Paper, published in 1899.

Black Women and the National Council of Women
Resource Type: Primary Source
Adella Hunt Logan, a leading member of the Tuskegee Women's Club, argued on behalf of the National Association of Colored Women that black women should be included in the National Council of Women in the United States.

Twenty Years at Hull House
Resource Type: Primary Source
Jane Addams, a leading social worker during the Progressive Era, founded the Hull House settlement for immigrants in Chicago in 1889. She wrote about her experiences there in Twenty Years at Hull House, published in 1910.

Striking Shirtwaist-Makers Selling Socialist Newspaper
Resource Type: Primary Source
Many Jewish women were very involved in labor and socialist movements, as seen in this 1910 photograph of striking shirtwaist-makers selling copies of The Call, the New York socialist daily.

Letter of a Woman Homesteader
Resource Type: Primary Source
Elinore Pruitt Stewart was one of many female homesteaders. In 1914, her letters were published in Letters of a Woman Homesteader. One letter, dated October 14, 1911, is reproduced below.

Margaret Sanger on Working Women
Resource Type: Primary Source
Margaret Sanger became nationally famous for organizing a birth-control movement. In this 1915 issue of the International Socialist Review, Sanger discusses working women.

The Rebel Girl
Resource Type: Primary Source
Joe Hill, lyricist and labor activist, wrote songs for the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), including this tribute to the women involved in the IWW.

The First Loan Fund Recipient
Resource Type: Primary Source
Frances Johnson was the first recipient of a college loan from a branch of the American Association of University Women. This enabled her to attend Cornell University. She is discussed in the minutes of the branch, published in 1925.

Marriage Rates of Alumnae
Resource Type: Primary Source
This table shows the marriage rates of women who graduated from a variety of American colleges during the period of 1820–1930.

Growth of Woman's Christian Temperance Union
Resource Type: Primary Source
This 1959 chart shows the growth in membership of women involved in the movement to prohibit the consumption of alcohol.

Mechanized Home Laundry
Resource Type: Primary Source
This drawing dramatically illustrates the increasing mechanization of domestic life during the second decade of the twentieth century.

Social Darwinism: Its Influence and Legacy
Resource Type: Document-Based Question
Social Darwinism is usually understood as an ideology that justified survival of the fittest, that argued against government intervention or social reform to improve society. The documents in this DBQ, however, point to the complexity of social-Darwinist thought, considering how a progressive version fueled the Progressive Era and how a conservative strand exerted tremendous influence in American political thought.

Sanger on Mammals
Resource Type: Primary Source
Margaret Sanger became a nationally famous social reformer. Here she teaches children about mammals.

Women and Social Reform
Resource Type: Classroom Simulation
In this simulation, students will be assigned the role of a prominent, late-nineteenth-century, middle-class American woman. The goal is to understand the changing perceptions and roles of women in Progressive-era America, as they took on leadership roles in a variety of associational groups such as the YWCA and the Red Cross.


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