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APUSH-8

Nationalism and Economic Expansion


A.  James Monroe; Era of Good Feelings

B.  Panic of 1819

C.  Settlement of the West

D.  Missouri Compromise

E.  Foreign affairs: Canada, Florida, the Monroe Doctrine

F.  Election of 1824; end of Virginia dynasty

G.  Economic revolution

1.  Early railroads and canals

2.  Expansion of business

2a.  Beginnings of factory system

2b.  Early labor movement; women

2c.  Social mobility; extremes of wealth

3.  The cotton revolution in the South

4.  Commercial agriculture


Resources:

History as Destiny: The Case of New York City
Resource Type: E-Seminar

Relevant interactive tools:
New York Is a Business Town
New York Is a Business Town
Cities as "Transportation Breaks"
Cities as "Transportation Breaks"

Colonial City: Revolutionary Battleground
Resource Type: E-Seminar

Urban Crisis: Fire and Water
Resource Type: E-Seminar

Relevant transcripts:
Moving to Get Rid of Volunteer Fire Companies

Relevant interactive tools:
Too Far from the Blaze
Too Far from the Blaze

The Old South
Resource Type: E-Seminar

Relevant pages:
The Cotton Kingdom: The Industrial Revolution
The Cotton Kingdom: The Economics of Cotton

Relevant interactive tools:
In the nineteenth century, slavery spread rapidly throughout the South, crossed the Mississippi River into Texas and Arkansas, and began to concentrate in the richest cotton-growing regions. An internal slave trade developed to supply slaves to the expanding Cotton Kingdom of the Deep South.
In the nineteenth century, slavery spread rapidly throughout the South, crossed the Mississippi River into Texas and Arkansas, and began to concentrate in the richest cotton-growing regions. An internal slave trade developed to supply slaves to the expanding Cotton Kingdom of the Deep South.

Abolitionism and Antislavery
Resource Type: E-Seminar

Relevant pages:
The Expansion Issue: The Kansas-Nebraska Act

Relevant transcripts:
Professor Foner introduces the seminar.
Northerners felt that their diverse, industrializing society, based on free labor, offered greater opportunities to all.

Relevant interactive tools:
Geography of Slavery
Geography of Slavery


Industrialization and Sectionalism
Resource Type: Classroom Simulation
In this simulation, which examines the economic expansion and industrialization of the United States, students confront the increasing economic interdependence of the North and the South. The menacing tensions between the social and cultural realities of the two regions will be examined as students come to understand the many causes of the Civil War (1861–1865).

The History of the City of New York—E-Seminar 2, Colonial City: Revolutionary Battleground
Resource Type: E-Seminar
In his second e-seminar, Kenneth T. Jackson traces New York City's commercial character back to the days of Dutch New Amsterdam. He then examines New York's role in the Revolutionary War and the remarkable growth it experienced largely as a result of the Erie Canal.

Petition to Have the Five Points Opened
Resource Type: Primary Source
Merchants owning property along the periphery of Five Points petitioned the municipal government in 1829 to demolish the heart of the slum by widening and extending Anthony and Cross Streets.

Charles Dickens on the Five Points
Resource Type: Primary Source
The famed British writer Charles Dickens published his account of his 1842 visit to America, where he found evidence of England's superior class system in the squalor of New York's Five Points slum.

Sunshine and Shadow in New York
Resource Type: Primary Source
Sunshine and Shadow in New York, a mid-nineteenth-century publication, depicts New York City as two polar societies, one affluent and vibrant, and one poor and diseased.

Moot Court: Central Park on Trial
Resource Type: Classroom Simulation
This simulation, a moot court, engages students in social and moral reform. By exploring how nineteeth-century social and political elites dispossessed various groups such as African Americans in order to build Central Park, students will understand how the present-day problems of gentrification and urban renewal have their roots in nineteeth-century reform.

Petition to Have the Five Points Opened
Resource Type: Primary Source
Merchants owning property along the periphery of Five Points petitioned the municipal government in 1829 to demolish the heart of the slum by widening and extending Anthony and Cross Streets.

Moot Court: Central Park on Trial
Resource Type: Classroom Simulation
This simulation, a moot court, engages students in social and moral reform. By exploring how nineteeth-century social and political elites dispossessed various groups such as African Americans in order to build Central Park, students will understand how the present-day problems of gentrification and urban renewal have their roots in nineteeth-century reform.

The Cotton Kingdom: The Industrial Revolution
Resource Type: Primary Source
Power loom weaving in a New England textile factory. The leather belts transmitted power from a central waterwheel or a steam engine.

The Cotton Kingdom: The Industrial Revolution
Resource Type: Primary Source
In 1793, while working as a tutor on a Georgia plantation, Whitney came up with the idea of removing the seeds from cotton by machine. Though every schoolchild recalls "Eli Whitney and the cotton gin," few realize the stark innovation that such a machine was. The gin (short for engine) in essence made it possible for cotton to become "king," as it picked approximately 50 times more cotton seeds per day than any enslaved worker could. Cotton prices soared over time and made the South a world leader in supplying cotton.

The Cotton Kingdom: The Industrial Revolution
Resource Type: Primary Source
The First Cotton-Gin. Wood engraving by William L. Sheppard in Harper's Weekly (December 18, 1869).

The Cotton Kingdom: The Economics of Cotton
Resource Type: Primary Source
Bales of cotton on the docks of Charleston, South Carolina, ready for shipping to textile mills of New England, Britain, or other countries.

The Cotton Kingdom: The Economics of Cotton
Resource Type: Primary Source
Bales of cotton on the docks of Charleston, South Carolina, ready for shipping to textile mills of New England, Britain, or other countries.


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