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Why the Americas attracted Europeans, why they brought enslaved Africans to their colonies, and how Europeans struggled for control of North America and the Caribbean

A.  The student understands how diverse immigrants affected the formation of European colonies

B.  The student understands the European struggle for control of North America


Colonial City: Revolutionary Battleground
Resource Type: E-Seminar

Relevant pages:
Dutch New York

Relevant transcripts:
The Dutch Return
Heterogenous But Unhappy In 1703

Relevant interactive tools:
Becoming an English City
Leisler's Rebellion
Becoming an English City
Leisler's Rebellion
The Dutch Heritage
The Dutch Heritage

Urban Crisis: Fire and Water
Resource Type: E-Seminar

Relevant transcripts:
A Place to Have a Good Time

The New World: Origins of Slavery
Resource Type: Document-Based Question
The following primary sources, focusing on Bacon's Rebellion, help students understand the condition of freemen and indentured servants on the eve of the revolt and how colonial legislation helped institutionalize slavery in the southern colonies.

Bacon's Rebellion: Colonial Society and Politics
Resource Type: Classroom Simulation
In this simulation, which focuses on Bacon's Rebellion, students will recreate colonial society with a view to understanding how the legal and economic infrastructure of the colonies facilitated the development of slavery.

Discovery and Settlement: New Amsterdam
Resource Type: Document-Based Question
The present-day issues of tolerance and diversity are explored in colonial society. These primary sources provide contemporary perceptions of Native Americans, African Americans, Jews, and European settlers.

The American Revolution: Defeat and Victory in New York
Resource Type: Document-Based Question
New York City was a center of loyalist support and trans-Atlantic trade during the revolutionary era. The documents on the Battle of Brooklyn, the British occupation, and the end of the Revolutionary war demonstrate how these events were turned into victories for New York, establishing the city's path toward national and world prominence.

Mapping Early New York City
Resource Type: Classroom Simulation
In this innovative simulation students learn the skills of mapping. Although focused here on the early history of New York City, these skills can be applied to any urban center in any time period.

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Historical thinking 

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Narrating history (2) 

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