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NCHS-2

Colonization and Settlement (1585-1763)


1.  Why the Americas attracted Europeans, why they brought enslaved Africans to their colonies, and how Europeans struggled for control of North America and the Caribbean

A.  The student understands how diverse immigrants affected the formation of European colonies

B.  The student understands the European struggle for control of North America

2.  How political, religious, and social institutions emerged in the English colonies

A.  The student understands the roots of representative government and how political rights were defined

B.  The student understands religious diversity in the colonies and how ideas about religious freedom evolved

C.  The student understands social and cultural change in British America


Resources:

History as Destiny: The Case of New York City
Resource Type: E-Seminar

Relevant transcripts:
New York versus Boston

Relevant interactive tools:
New York Is Old
New York Is Old as a Big City
New York Is a Business Town
New York Is Old
New York Is Old as a Big City
New York Is a Business Town
British Cities
Boston
British Cities
Boston

Colonial City: Revolutionary Battleground
Resource Type: E-Seminar

Relevant pages:
Dutch New York
British New York

Relevant transcripts:
The Dutch Return
Heterogenous But Unhappy In 1703
Why Boston Declined

Relevant interactive tools:
Becoming an English City
Eighteenth–Century New York
Leisler's Rebellion
Becoming an English City
Eighteenth–Century New York
Leisler's Rebellion
New York Versus Boston or Philadelphia
New York Versus Boston or Philadelphia
The Dutch Heritage
The Dutch Heritage

Urban Crisis: Fire and Water
Resource Type: E-Seminar

Relevant texts:
Creating Fire Companies

Relevant transcripts:
A Place to Have a Good Time

The Origins of Slavery in the New World
Resource Type: E-Seminar

Relevant pages:
Slavery in History: New World Encounters
Slavery in History: The Legacy of 1492

Relevant texts:
Excerpt from An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith (1776).
Excerpt from An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith (1776).

Relevant transcripts:
Professor Foner compares the benefits and misfortunes resulting from the "discovery" of America.

Relevant interactive tools:
Professor Foner explains how European monarchs and merchants wanted to bypass the Arab, Berber, and Muslim middlemen, who dominated the international trade routes acress Africa and the Middle and Near East to India and China. A direct water route instead, from Europe to China, around the southern tip of Africa, promised the Europeans greater control and wealth.
Professor Foner explains how European monarchs and merchants wanted to bypass the Arab, Berber, and Muslim middlemen, who dominated the international trade routes acress Africa and the Middle and Near East to India and China. A direct water route instead, from Europe to China, around the southern tip of Africa, promised the Europeans greater control and wealth.

Excerpt from An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith (1776).
Resource Type: Primary Source

Excerpt from An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith (1776).
Resource Type: Primary Source

Slavery in History: New World Encounters
Resource Type: Primary Source
This map from Theatrum orbis terrarum (1570) by Abraham Ortelius depicts what the European explorers understood of their world in the period after Columbus's encounters. The interior of the Americas, compared to that of Africa and Asia, was relatively unknown and, hence, unmapped by famous European cartographers.

Slavery in History: The Legacy of 1492
Resource Type: Primary Source
This hand-colored facsimile of an engraving (1564) by Jacques Le Moyne de Morgues shows French settlers arriving on the Florida coast.

Moot Court: Central Park on Trial
Resource Type: Classroom Simulation
This simulation, a moot court, engages students in social and moral reform. By exploring how nineteeth-century social and political elites dispossessed various groups such as African Americans in order to build Central Park, students will understand how the present-day problems of gentrification and urban renewal have their roots in nineteeth-century reform.

The New World: Origins of Slavery
Resource Type: Document-Based Question
The following primary sources, focusing on Bacon's Rebellion, help students understand the condition of freemen and indentured servants on the eve of the revolt and how colonial legislation helped institutionalize slavery in the southern colonies.

Bacon's Rebellion: Colonial Society and Politics
Resource Type: Classroom Simulation
In this simulation, which focuses on Bacon's Rebellion, students will recreate colonial society with a view to understanding how the legal and economic infrastructure of the colonies facilitated the development of slavery.

Discovery and Settlement: New Amsterdam
Resource Type: Document-Based Question
The present-day issues of tolerance and diversity are explored in colonial society. These primary sources provide contemporary perceptions of Native Americans, African Americans, Jews, and European settlers.

The American Revolution: Defeat and Victory in New York
Resource Type: Document-Based Question
New York City was a center of loyalist support and trans-Atlantic trade during the revolutionary era. The documents on the Battle of Brooklyn, the British occupation, and the end of the Revolutionary war demonstrate how these events were turned into victories for New York, establishing the city's path toward national and world prominence.

Mapping Early New York City
Resource Type: Classroom Simulation
In this innovative simulation students learn the skills of mapping. Although focused here on the early history of New York City, these skills can be applied to any urban center in any time period.

Discovery and Settlement: New Amsterdam
Resource Type: Document-Based Question
The present-day issues of tolerance and diversity are explored in colonial society. These primary sources provide contemporary perceptions of Native Americans, African Americans, Jews, and European settlers.

The American Revolution: Defeat and Victory in New York
Resource Type: Document-Based Question
New York City was a center of loyalist support and trans-Atlantic trade during the revolutionary era. The documents on the Battle of Brooklyn, the British occupation, and the end of the Revolutionary war demonstrate how these events were turned into victories for New York, establishing the city's path toward national and world prominence.

Mapping Early New York City
Resource Type: Classroom Simulation
In this innovative simulation students learn the skills of mapping. Although focused here on the early history of New York City, these skills can be applied to any urban center in any time period.

Discovery and Settlement: New Amsterdam
Resource Type: Document-Based Question
The present-day issues of tolerance and diversity are explored in colonial society. These primary sources provide contemporary perceptions of Native Americans, African Americans, Jews, and European settlers.

The American Revolution: Defeat and Victory in New York
Resource Type: Document-Based Question
New York City was a center of loyalist support and trans-Atlantic trade during the revolutionary era. The documents on the Battle of Brooklyn, the British occupation, and the end of the Revolutionary war demonstrate how these events were turned into victories for New York, establishing the city's path toward national and world prominence.

Mapping Early New York City
Resource Type: Classroom Simulation
In this innovative simulation students learn the skills of mapping. Although focused here on the early history of New York City, these skills can be applied to any urban center in any time period.

The New World: Origins of Slavery
Resource Type: Document-Based Question
The following primary sources, focusing on Bacon's Rebellion, help students understand the condition of freemen and indentured servants on the eve of the revolt and how colonial legislation helped institutionalize slavery in the southern colonies.

Bacon's Rebellion: Colonial Society and Politics
Resource Type: Classroom Simulation
In this simulation, which focuses on Bacon's Rebellion, students will recreate colonial society with a view to understanding how the legal and economic infrastructure of the colonies facilitated the development of slavery.

Discovery and Settlement: New Amsterdam
Resource Type: Document-Based Question
The present-day issues of tolerance and diversity are explored in colonial society. These primary sources provide contemporary perceptions of Native Americans, African Americans, Jews, and European settlers.

The American Revolution: Defeat and Victory in New York
Resource Type: Document-Based Question
New York City was a center of loyalist support and trans-Atlantic trade during the revolutionary era. The documents on the Battle of Brooklyn, the British occupation, and the end of the Revolutionary war demonstrate how these events were turned into victories for New York, establishing the city's path toward national and world prominence.

Mapping Early New York City
Resource Type: Classroom Simulation
In this innovative simulation students learn the skills of mapping. Although focused here on the early history of New York City, these skills can be applied to any urban center in any time period.


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