Columbia University Digital Knowledge Ventures
Columbia American History Online

Main Menu

There are five items indexed to this topic.


The student understands how the resources of the Union and Confederacy affected the course of the war


Colonial City: Revolutionary Battleground
Resource Type: E-Seminar

Relevant transcripts:
Bitter Rivals
New York Fights to Protect Its Business

Relevant interactive tools:
The Draft Riots
The Draft Riots

The Emancipation Proclamation
Resource Type: Point-Counterpoint
Eric Foner considers the Emancipation Proclamation to have been the turning point of the Civil War (1861–65), of the history of slavery, and for President Abraham Lincoln (1809–65) himself. Primarily through the work of Ira Berlin and others, historians have learned a great deal about the behavior of slaves before and after the Emancipation Proclamation. What emerged from this investigation is what Foner calls a new synthesis "that sees slavery as the most crucial problem of antebellum American life and the fundamental cause of the Civil War, and the myriad consequences of emancipation as the central themes of the war and Reconstruction."

The Role of African Americans in the Civil War
Resource Type: Point-Counterpoint
Although there has been no major attack on the view that African Americans played a decisive role in winning the Civil War, it is also true that, with the exception of W.E.B. Du Bois in Black Reconstruction, there were no historians writing prior to 1960, who would have agreed with Foner's interpretation on the decisive role played by African Americans. A teacher explores how, prior to the rise of the civil-rights movement in the mid-1950s, professional historians simply had been uninterested in the behavior of African Americans, either as slaves or as soldiers.

Refine Browse

Historical thinking 

Interpreting and analysing (2) 

Narrating history (1) 

Resource types 

Video Transcripts (2) 

CAHO is being provided to you for your own use. Any copying or distribution of CAHO materials is prohibited.