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NCHS-5-2

The course and character of the Civil War and its effects on the American people


A.  The student understands how the resources of the Union and Confederacy affected the course of the war

B.  The student understands the social experience of the war on the battlefield and homefront


Resources:

Colonial City: Revolutionary Battleground
Resource Type: E-Seminar

Relevant pages:
New York and the Civil War

Relevant transcripts:
Bitter Rivals
New York Fights to Protect Its Business
Conclusion: The City Prospers as Never Before

Relevant interactive tools:
The Draft Riots
The Draft Riots

Urban Crisis: Fire and Water
Resource Type: E-Seminar

Relevant texts:
The World Trade Center and the Future of the City

Urban Crisis: Disease, Crime, and Space
Resource Type: E-Seminar

Relevant texts:
Background to the Riots

Relevant transcripts:
Summer of 1863

Recruiting Poster
Resource Type: Primary Source
President Abraham Lincoln did not endorse the active recruitment of free African Americans into the Union army until 1863.

Decisions of Slaves to Leave the Plantation: Should I Stay or Should I Go?
Resource Type: Classroom Simulation
In this simulation students will examine the very complex decision that slaves faced regarding whether to leave the plantations in the early years of the Civil War and whether to join the Union forces. Students will understand how a single decision gravely affected the lives of slaves, their families, the outcome of the war, and even the period of Reconstruction.

The Emancipation Proclamation
Resource Type: Point-Counterpoint
Eric Foner considers the Emancipation Proclamation to have been the turning point of the Civil War (1861–65), of the history of slavery, and for President Abraham Lincoln (1809–65) himself. Primarily through the work of Ira Berlin and others, historians have learned a great deal about the behavior of slaves before and after the Emancipation Proclamation. What emerged from this investigation is what Foner calls a new synthesis "that sees slavery as the most crucial problem of antebellum American life and the fundamental cause of the Civil War, and the myriad consequences of emancipation as the central themes of the war and Reconstruction."

The Role of African Americans in the Civil War
Resource Type: Point-Counterpoint
Although there has been no major attack on the view that African Americans played a decisive role in winning the Civil War, it is also true that, with the exception of W.E.B. Du Bois in Black Reconstruction, there were no historians writing prior to 1960, who would have agreed with Foner's interpretation on the decisive role played by African Americans. A teacher explores how, prior to the rise of the civil-rights movement in the mid-1950s, professional historians simply had been uninterested in the behavior of African Americans, either as slaves or as soldiers.

African American Soldiers
Resource Type: Primary Source
This was one of many battles in which the new African American troops distinguished themselves.

African American Troops Liberating Slaves
Resource Type: Primary Source
As the African American presence in the Northern war effort increased, so did the chances of freeing slaves from Southern plantations.

A Man Knows a Man
Resource Type: Primary Source
Military service, especially in battle, was often seen as a rite of passage that turned boys into men. Physical scarring or maiming served as the visible symbol of manhood tested and earned through combat.

The Role of African Americans in the Civil War
Resource Type: Point-Counterpoint
Although there has been no major attack on the view that African Americans played a decisive role in winning the Civil War, it is also true that, with the exception of W.E.B. Du Bois in Black Reconstruction, there were no historians writing prior to 1960, who would have agreed with Foner's interpretation on the decisive role played by African Americans. A teacher explores how, prior to the rise of the civil-rights movement in the mid-1950s, professional historians simply had been uninterested in the behavior of African Americans, either as slaves or as soldiers.

The Draft Riots
Resource Type: Primary Source
Recruiting station for the Union Army, in City Hall Park (1864).


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Historical thinking 

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Interpreting and analysing (6) 

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