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NCHS-9-3

Domestic policies after World War II


A.  The student understands the political debates of the post-World War II era

B.  The student understands the "New Frontier" and the "Great Society"


Resources:

New Deal Order
Resource Type: E-Seminar

Relevant pages:
The American Century Idea

The Politics of Anticommunism
Resource Type: E-Seminar

Relevant pages:
The Red Scare: The Rosenbergs
Interpretations of the Red Scare: Alienated Travelers
Interpretations of the Red Scare: Party Competition
Final Analysis
Key Figures

The Stable Fifties
Resource Type: E-Seminar

Relevant pages:
Television: Two-Edged Sword
National Politics

Kennedy, Johnson, and the Great Society
Resource Type: E-Seminar

Relevant pages:
Introduction
Presidents and Liberalism
John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy: The Assassination
John F. Kennedy: A New Generation
John F. Kennedy: The Grand Objective
Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon B. Johnson: Kennedy and Johnson's Legacy
The Great Society
The Great Society: A Social Crusade
The Great Society: The War on Poverty
Conclusion

Relevant texts:
President Johnson's Inaugural Address (1965).

Relevant transcripts:
Eisenhower

Review of Invisible Man
Resource Type: Primary Source
New York intellectual Irving Howe affirms Ralph Ellison's book Invisible Man as a "Negro novel."

President Johnson's Commencement Address
Resource Type: Primary Source
President Lyndon Baines Johnson (1908–73) made this landmark speech in 1965 to students at Howard University in Washington, D.C., a historically black institution, to delineate the tenets of his Great Society program.

Homogenized Society and Conformity
Resource Type: Document-Based Question
This carefully crafted selection of primary sources will allow students to weigh the multiplicity of factors that influenced American culture in the 1950s, such as the Cold War, government policies, legislation, corporations, and television. Students can focus on the extent to which consensus and conformity dominated relations among or within various social groups.

To Fulfill These Rights
Resource Type: Primary Source
President Lyndon Baines Johnson (1908–73) made this landmark speech to students at Howard University in Washington, D.C., a historically black institution, to outline the Great Society program.

Beyond Vietnam
Resource Type: Primary Source
This speech was delivered by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. on April 4, 1967, at a meeting of Clergy and Laity Concerned at Riverside Church in New York City.

Schlesinger on Freedom
Resource Type: Primary Source
Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr., a noted American historian, wrote this influential book to argue that a rejuvenated faith in democratic ideals and the continuation of New Deal liberalism would safeguard America from the twin threats of totalitarianism and fascism.

Joseph McCarthy's Speech
Resource Type: Primary Source
Senator Joseph R. McCarthy, an unremarkable member of Congress from Wisconsin, burst onto the national political scene in 1950, after announcing to a West Virginia audience that he held in his hand a list of 205 American Communists who worked in the U.S. State Department.

The Other America
Resource Type: Primary Source
With this book, writer and social activist Michael Harrington helped launch the New Left movement of the 1960s and its concerns about American poverty and social injustice.

Middle-Class America and Its Discontents
Resource Type: Classroom Simulation
This simulation asks students to place themselves in a Greenwich Village coffeehouse on the eve of the 1960s. Replicating a broad spectrum of American society, from conservatives to counterculture critics, students will understand how the fifties represented an era of consensus that paradoxically carried the seeds of protest that would fuel the rebellion of the sixties.

Sixties Radicalism and Conservatism
Resource Type: Document-Based Question
Dissent and social protest characterize the 1960s. Enduring images of the decade recall its civil-rights marches, antiwar protests, and rallies of members of various social grouips—women, farmworkers, American Indians—calling for greater justice. The documents within the DBQ represent a variety of voices, illustrating the tensions between countercultural movements of the 1960s and conservative reactions against them. This DBQ contextualizes the debates of the 1960s within a longer-term analysis of the divisions between left and right in the United States since the beginning of the Cold War.

Review of Invisible Man
Resource Type: Primary Source
New York intellectual Irving Howe affirms Ralph Ellison's book Invisible Man as a "Negro novel."

Student Information Given to Federal Investigators
Resource Type: Primary Source
This article in the Columbia University student newspaper reports that the dean of students provided federal investigators with information about students who had attended the university.

The Organization Man
Resource Type: Primary Source
William Whyte discusses the institutionalized and bureaucratized aspects of life in America.

DuBois on American Democracy
Resource Type: Primary Source
DuBois discusses American democracy and why he is frustrated with party politics in the United States.

President Johnson's Commencement Address
Resource Type: Primary Source
President Lyndon Baines Johnson (1908–73) made this landmark speech in 1965 to students at Howard University in Washington, D.C., a historically black institution, to delineate the tenets of his Great Society program.

To Fulfill These Rights
Resource Type: Primary Source
President Lyndon Baines Johnson (1908–73) made this landmark speech to students at Howard University in Washington, D.C., a historically black institution, to outline the Great Society program.

Beyond Vietnam
Resource Type: Primary Source
This speech was delivered by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. on April 4, 1967, at a meeting of Clergy and Laity Concerned at Riverside Church in New York City.

Schlesinger on Freedom
Resource Type: Primary Source
Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr., a noted American historian, wrote this influential book to argue that a rejuvenated faith in democratic ideals and the continuation of New Deal liberalism would safeguard America from the twin threats of totalitarianism and fascism.

Joseph McCarthy's Speech
Resource Type: Primary Source
Senator Joseph R. McCarthy, an unremarkable member of Congress from Wisconsin, burst onto the national political scene in 1950, after announcing to a West Virginia audience that he held in his hand a list of 205 American Communists who worked in the U.S. State Department.

The Avant-Garde Artists of the 1950s
Resource Type: Classroom Simulation
In this creative simulation, students role-play avant-garde artists of the 1950s to discuss important issues of the times (politics, the affluent society, race relations, women, etc.) from an artistic and intellectual perspective.

Interpretations of the Red Scare: Alienated Travelers
Resource Type: Primary Source
McCarthy supporters at a rally in Washington, D.C., in December 1954.

Interpretations of the Red Scare: Party Competition
Resource Type: Primary Source
Harry Truman holding up an early edition of the Chicago Tribune. The banner headline erroneously credited his opponent, Thomas Dewey, with victory in the 1948 presidential election.

Interpretations of the Red Scare: Party Competition
Resource Type: Primary Source

Interpretations of the Red Scare: Party Competition
Resource Type: Primary Source
Senator Joseph McCarthy's cause was received favorably by a number of Democrats, including Robert F. Kennedy (center) and Senator Henry Jackson of Washington (right).

Interpretations of the Red Scare: Party Competition
Resource Type: Primary Source
Telegram exchange between Joseph McCarthy and Harry Truman, part 1.

Interpretations of the Red Scare: Party Competition
Resource Type: Primary Source
Telegram exchange between Joseph McCarthy and Harry Truman, part 3.

Interpretations of the Red Scare: Party Competition
Resource Type: Primary Source
Telegram exchange between Joseph McCarthy and Harry Truman, part 4.

Interpretations of the Red Scare: Party Competition
Resource Type: Primary Source
Telegram exchange between Joseph McCarthy and Harry Truman, part 5.

Interpretations of the Red Scare: Party Competition
Resource Type: Primary Source
Telegram exchange between Joseph McCarthy and Harry Truman, part 6.

Interpretations of the Red Scare: Party Competition
Resource Type: Primary Source
Telegram exchange between Joseph McCarthy and Harry Truman, part 7. Truman's reply was probably never sent.

Key Figures
Resource Type: Primary Source

Key Figures
Resource Type: Primary Source

National Politics: Ike's Popularity
Resource Type: Primary Source
Dwight Eisenhower campaigns for president (1952).

National Politics: Looking to Business
Resource Type: Primary Source
President-elect Eisenhower and Vice President-elect Nixon, with cabinet nominees (January 1953).

National Politics: Looking to Business
Resource Type: Primary Source
President-elect Eisenhower, Viscount Bernard L. Montgomery, and Don G. Mitchell, president of Sylvania corporation (1958).

Conclusion
Resource Type: Primary Source
President Eisenhower, with his wife Mamie, during inauguration ceremonies for his second term (January 1957).

Introduction
Resource Type: Primary Source
President John F. Kennedy, shortly after taking office, meets with former President Dwight Eisenhower (April 1961).

Presidents and Liberalism
Resource Type: Primary Source
Cover of the first edition of The American Presidency by Clinton Rossiter (1956).

Presidents and Liberalism
Resource Type: Primary Source
Cover of the first edition of Presidential Power: The Politics of Leadership by Richard Neustadt (1960.)

Presidents and Liberalism
Resource Type: Primary Source
Dwight Eisenhower, former U.S. president and former Columbia University president, visits Columbia's campus (1964).

John F. Kennedy
Resource Type: Primary Source
President and Mrs. Kennedy entertain guests at the White House. Left to right: Frederic March, actor; Mary Walsh (Mrs. Ernest) Hemingway; President and Mrs. Kennedy; and Katherine (Mrs. George C.) Marshall. The first couple hosted many leading cultural figures.

Lyndon B. Johnson: Kennedy and Johnson's Legacy
Resource Type: Primary Source
President Johnson, in a characteristic pose, with his Supreme Court nominee, Abe Fortas (1965).

President Johnson's Commencement Address
Resource Type: Primary Source
President Lyndon Baines Johnson (1908–73) made this landmark speech in 1965 to students at Howard University in Washington, D.C., a historically black institution, to delineate the tenets of his Great Society program.

To Fulfill These Rights
Resource Type: Primary Source
President Lyndon Baines Johnson (1908–73) made this landmark speech to students at Howard University in Washington, D.C., a historically black institution, to outline the Great Society program.

Beyond Vietnam
Resource Type: Primary Source
This speech was delivered by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. on April 4, 1967, at a meeting of Clergy and Laity Concerned at Riverside Church in New York City.

The Other America
Resource Type: Primary Source
With this book, writer and social activist Michael Harrington helped launch the New Left movement of the 1960s and its concerns about American poverty and social injustice.

The Great Society
Resource Type: Primary Source
President Johnson visits a resident of Appalachia during his poverty tour (1964).

The Great Society
Resource Type: Primary Source
Head Start class in the Bronx, New York City (1969).

The Great Society: A Social Crusade
Resource Type: Primary Source

The Great Society: A Social Crusade
Resource Type: Primary Source
President Johnson's Inaugural Address (1965).

The Great Society: The War on Poverty
Resource Type: Primary Source
Poster for the Job Corps program of the Office of Economic Opportunity (c. 1970).


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